LVM: Using 2TB Volumes for Volume Groups

LVM: Using 2TB Volumes for Volume Groups

Occasionally you will have the need to use physical volumes which exceed the limits of the standard DOS partitioning scheme.  When you run into this a quick fdisk -l will reveal that you will need a new way to partition your disks.

Fdisk will produce output similar to this…

WARNING: GPT (GUID Partition Table) detected on '/dev/sdb'! The util fdisk doesn't support GPT. Use GNU Parted.


WARNING: The size of this disk is 2.3 TB (2290828181504 bytes).
DOS partition table format can not be used on drives for volumes
larger than 2.2 TB (2199023255040 bytes). Use parted(1) and GUID
partition table format (GPT).

Use Parted to Create a Partition Using the Whole Disk

Parted is able to handle large volumes which are not able to be modified with fdisk.  Here we are going to launch parted, and then create the partition with a size of 1 -1 which means that it will use it all until it gets to the end.  You can additionally specify the number in megabytes, so 1 1024 would start at 1 and go until 1024 giving you a 1GB partition.

# parted /dev/sdb
(parted) mkpart primary ext3 1 -1

Review the created partition.

(parted) print

Model: DELL PERC H700 (scsi)
Disk /dev/sdb: 2291GB
Sector size (logical/physical): 512B/512B
Partition Table: gpt

Number  Start   End     Size    File system  Name     Flags
1      17.4kB  2291GB  2291GB               primary       

Set the LVM flag.

(parted) set 1 lvm on    

Review our changes to our partition.

(parted) print

Model: DELL PERC H700 (scsi)
Disk /dev/sdb: 2291GB
Sector size (logical/physical): 512B/512B
Partition Table: gpt

Number  Start   End     Size    File system  Name     Flags
1      17.4kB  2291GB  2291GB               primary  lvm
(parted) quit

Initialize the Physical Volume for LVM

The rest of this is pretty standard, and already covered in my article Linux LVM2: Flexible Local Storage Management in case you’d like more details.

# pvcreate /dev/sdb1
Physical volume "/dev/sdb1" successfully created

Create the LVM Volume Group

# vgcreate VolGroup01 /dev/sdb1
Volume group "VolGroup01" successfully created
# vgs
VG         #PV #LV #SN Attr   VSize  VFree
VolGroup00   1   2   0 wz--n- 99.88G    0
VolGroup01   1   0   0 wz--n-  2.08T 2.08T

Well now we have a Volume Group (VolGroup01) which can be used to create Logical Volumes from.